भाकृअनुप - सरसों अनुसंधान निदेशालय
ICAR-Directorate of Rapeseed-Mustard Research
(Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
Sewar, Bharatpur 321303 (Rajasthan), India

Salient Achievements

The ICAR-Directorate of Rapeseed-Mustard Research is playing a key role in advancing rapeseed-mustard research in frontier areas through multidisciplinary approach. The most significant achievements of this directorate include:

Crop Improvement | Crop Production | Crop Protection | Plant Biochemistry | Plant Biotechnology
Technology Assessment and Dissemination | Agriculture Knowledge Management | All Achievements

Crop Improvement

  • The first CMS based hybrid (NRCHB 506) and 06 varieties of Indian mustard (NRCDR 02, NRCDR 601, NRCHB 101, DRMRIJ 31, DRMR150-35 and DRMR 1165-40 ) and one variety of yellow sarson (NRCYS 05-02) were developed at DRMR.
  • Fourteen novel genetic stocks of rapeseed-mustard (CMS, restorer, low erucic acid, low erucic acid & low glucosinoltes. high oil content, high oleic acid and low linolenic acid, dwarf, earliness, long main shoot, bold seed, yellow seed, tetralocular siliquae, white rust resistance, tolerance to high temperature and salinity during juvenile stage, high temperature tolerance during terminal stage and high water use efficiency) were registered with NBPGR, New Delhi till 2014.
  • Of the 12, 755 accessions available in India, the Directorate have 2548 accessions (Indian mustard-1904, Toria-239, Yellow sarson-178, Gobhi sarson-129, Taramira-49, Karan rai-21 and Others-16) through acquisition from national /international agencies and collection.
  • Interspecific hybrid derived from cross NRCYS5-02 (B. rapa ssp. yellow sarson ) x B. frticulosa ( wild species ) and Brassica tournefortii x B. rapa var. yellow sarson (NRCYS-05-02), through sexual hybridization was confirmed using morphological, cytological and STMS markers.
  • Base populations utilizing promising donors for drought tolerance, high oil content and yield components have been developed. Genetics of important morpho-physiological characters (nodal pigmentation, siliquae orientation, flower colour, water use efficiency, quality traits etc.) has been worked out.
  • DUS guidelines for four species of rapeseed mustard and DUS descriptor of 104 varieties were developed.